UNESCO, the World Wild Life fund and the World Bank suggest that the Amazon Reserve for Peace located at the head waters of the Amazon River basin – latitude 00 06′ 49.85″ longitude 76 10′ 39.13″ -, is an integral part of the most species rich tract of Tropical Rainforests in the world. The SVSF Amazon program area is scientifically catalogued as a “Globally Outstanding Eco-region”, whereby it acquires a “Highest Priority status” for all forms of cooperation concerned with the protection of Tropical Rainforests, flora, fauna, fresh water supplies and the ancestral rights of the Amazon indigenous inhabitants. That Rainforests are vital for global climate control is common knowledge based on scientific fact. Metaphorically speaking they are the lungs of the world, producing 40% of the oxygen we breathe. At the same time Rainforests are indispensable regulators of CO2 in the atmosphere. The Amazon Rainforest represents over half of the Rainforests remaining on this Earth today. Ecuador’s Amazon region, comprising 13 million hectares, is home to 30% of all biodiversity. Approximately 40,000 plant, 3,000 fish, 1,560 birds, 430 mammals, 420 amphibians, 380 reptiles and an almost infinite number of insect species have been classified. Nurtured by the Andes mountain range, the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest forms a particularly significant part of the headwaters of the Amazon River basin, which is the source of 18% of our daily fresh water supply.